MACBETH a story of tragedy ( my favorite)
7:12 PM | Author: NOVEL SURFER
I. Life of the Author

by: bobie cayao



William Shakespeare (baptized 26 April 1564 – died 23 April 1616)[1] was an English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer of the English language, and as the world's preeminent dramatist.[2] He wrote approximately 38 plays and 154 sonnets, as well as a variety of other poems.[3] Already popular in his own lifetime, Shakespeare became more famous after his death and his work was adulated by many prominent cultural figures through the centuries.[4] He is often considered to be England's national poet[5] and is sometimes referred to as the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard")[6] or the "Swan of Avon".[7]
Orthodox scholars believe Shakespeare produced most of his work between 1586 and 1612, although the exact dates and chronology of the plays attributed to him are under considerable debate. He is counted among the few playwrights who have excelled in both tragedy and comedy; his plays combine popular appeal with complex characterisation, and poetic grandeur with philosophical depth.
Shakespeare's works have been translated into every major living language,[8] and his plays are continually performed all around the world. Shakespeare is the most quoted writer in the literature and history of the English-speaking world,[9] and many of his quotations and neologisms have passed into everyday usage in English and other languages. Many have speculated about Shakespeare, including his sexuality, religious affiliation, and the authorship of the works attributed to him.
William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564 – died 23 April 1616)[1] was an English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer of the English language, and as the world's preeminent dramatist.[2] He wrote approximately 38 plays and 154 sonnets, as well as a variety of other poems.[3] Already popular in his own lifetime, Shakespeare became more famous after his death and his work was adulated by many prominent cultural figures through the centuries.[4] He is often considered to be England's national poet[5] and is sometimes referred to as the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard")[6] or the "Swan of Avon".[7]
Orthodox scholars believe Shakespeare produced most of his work between 1586 and 1612, although the exact dates and chronology of the plays attributed to him are under considerable debate. He is counted among the few playwrights who have excelled in both tragedy and comedy; his plays combine popular appeal with complex characterizations, and poetic grandeur with philosophical depth.
Shakespeare's works have been translated into every major living language,[8] and his plays are continually performed all around the world. Shakespeare is the most quoted writer in the literature and history of the English-speaking world,[9] and many of his quotations and neologisms have passed into everyday usage in English and other languages. Many have speculated about Shakespeare, including his sexuality, religious affiliation, and the authorship of the works attributed to him.


II. Classification

The story is belong to tragedy class because the characters in the story encounter different challenges in their life. They come across death at the end of the story. We can easily determine either the story is tragedy or not it’s because of its essence with in the story. The Macbeth story dealing with its real tragedy story, tragedies which change their life to became miserable.
The battle between people to people and kingdom to kingdom according to protect their properties and belongings. Macbeth the main events in his story focus on life and death.
From the beginning to end there are tragedies happen like killing people, death and war focus in this story. Even the very first scene of the story there’s tragedy happen because they found dead body and injured people which came from the battle.
Another tragedy, the death of Lady Macbeth, when she committed suicide, and tragedy happened in Macduff family, his wife and his children killed by murderers hired by Macbeth.
The war between kingdom of Malcolm and Macbeth, and war between macduff and Macbeth which Macbeth died, since he trusted his self and over confidence in his own self that he insist that no one born by women blood can defeat him, but his superstition was lost when macduff told him that he was born through untimely ripped or caesarian. His fears come across with him and he lost the battle.



III. Plot

Summary of MACBETH

ACT I, scene I

The three old witches sister appear out of the storm while thunder and lightning crash above a Scottish moor. They plan to meet Macbeth and confront him after the battle.
Act I, scene II

At military camp near the place of King duncan at forres, King Duncan asks a wounded captain about the news about scot,s battle with the Irish invaders, who led by the rebel MacDonald. This wounded captain who helps Malcolm to escape from Irish. The captain describes for Duncan how Macbeth slew the traitorous Macdonald.
Then Ross enter a Scotis noblemn, he tells the king that the traitorous thane of cawdor has been defeated. Duncan decrees that the thane of Cawdor be put to death and that Macbeth the hero of victorious army and him given Cawdor’s title. And Ross leaves to deliver the news to Macbeth.

Act I, scene III

On the battleground, thunder rolls and the three sister witches appear. One says that she has just come from “killing swine” and another describes the revenge she has planned upon a sailor whose wife refused to share her chestnuts. Suddenly a drum beats, and the third witch cries that Macbeth is coming. Macbeth and Banquo, on their way to the king’s court at Forres, come upon the witches and shrink in horror at the sight of the old women. Banquo asks whether they are mortal, noting that they don’t seem to be “inhabitants o’ the’ earth” .He also wonders whether they are really women, since they seem to have beards like men. The witches hail Macbeth as thane of Glamis and as thane of Cawdor. Macbeth is baffled by this second title, as he has not yet heard of King Duncan’s decision. The witches also declare that Macbeth will be king one day. Stunned and intrigued, Macbeth presses the witches for more information, but they have turned their attention to Banquo, speaking in yet more riddles. They call Banquo “lesser than Macbeth, and greater,” and “not so happy, yet much happier”; then they tell him that he will never be king but that his children will sit upon the throne. Macbeth implores the witches to clarify what they meant by calling him thane of Cawdor, but they vanish into thin air.
Ross tells Macbeth that the king has made him thane of Cawdor, as the former thane is to be executed for treason. Macbeth, amazed that the witches’ prophecy has come true, asks Banquo if he hopes his children will be kings. Banquo replies that devils often tell half-truths in order to win us to their charm.Macbeth ignores his companions and speaks to himself, ruminating upon the possibility that he might one day be king. He wonders whether the reign will simply fall to him or whether he will have to perform a dark deed in order to gain the crown. At last he shakes himself from his reverie and the group departs for Forres. As they leave, Macbeth whispers to Banquo that, at a later time, he would like to speak to him surreptitiously about what has transpired.

Act I, scene IV

At the king’s palace, Duncan hears report that the cawdor died from his son Malcolm during the battle, and the cawdor was died nobly, confessing generously and repenting of his crimes. Macbeth and Banquo enter with Ross and Angus. Duncan thanks the two generals profusely for their heroism in the battle, and they profess their loyalty and gratitude toward Duncan. Duncan announces his intention to name Malcolm the heir to his throne. Macbeth declares his joy but notes to himself that Malcolm now stands between him and the crown. Plans are made for Duncan to dine at Macbeth’s castle that evening, and Macbeth goes on ahead of the royal party to inform his wife of the arrival of the king.

Act I, scene V

Inside Macbeth’s castle, Lady Macbeth reads to herself a letter she has received from Macbeth. The letter announces Macbeth’s promotion to the thaneship of Cawdor and details his meeting with the witches. Lady Macbeth murmurs that she knows Macbeth is ambitious, but fears he is too full of “the milk of human kindness” to take the steps necessary to make himself king She resolves to convince her husband to do whatever is required to seize the crown. A messenger enters and informs Lady Macbeth that the king rides toward the castle, and that Macbeth is on his way as well. As she awaits her husband’s arrival, she delivers a famous speech in which she begs. She resolves to put her natural femininity aside so that she can do the bloody deeds necessary to seize the crown. Macbeth enters, and he and his wife discuss the king’s forthcoming visit. Macbeth tells his wife that Duncan plans to depart the next day, but Lady Macbeth declares that the king will never see tomorrow. She tells her husband to have patience and to leave the plan to her.

ACT I, scene VI

The Scottish lords Duncan and their attendants arrive outside Macbeth’s castle. Duncan praises the castle’s pleasant environment, and he thanks Lady Macbeth, who has emerged to greet him, for her hospitality. She replies that it is her duty to be hospitable since she and her husband owe so much to their king. Duncan then asks to be taken inside to Macbeth, whom he professes to love dearly


Act I, scene VII

As oboes play and servants set a table for the evening’s feast inside the castle, Macbeth paces by him, pondering his idea of assassinating Duncan. He says that the deed would be easy if he could be certain that it would not set in motion a series of terrible consequences. He declares his willingness to risk eternal damnation but realizes that even on earth, bloody actions. He then considers the reasons why he ought not to kill Duncan.
Lady Macbeth enters and tells her husband that the king has dined and that he has been asking for Macbeth. Macbeth declares that he no longer intends to kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth, outraged, calls him a coward and questions his manhood. Asks her what will happen if they fail; she promises that as long as they are bold, they will be successful. Then she tells him her plan: while Duncan sleeps, she will give his chamberlains wine to make them drunk, and then she and Macbeth can slip in and murder Duncan. They will smear the blood of Duncan on the sleeping chamberlains to cast the guilt upon them. Astonished at the brilliance and daring of her plan, Macbeth tells his wife that her “undaunted mettle” makes him hope that she will only give birth to male children .He then agrees to proceed with the murder.

Act II, scene I

While Banquo and his son Fleance walk in the torch-lit hall of Macbeth’s castle. Fleance says that it is after midnight, and his father responds that although he is tired, he wishes to stay awake because his sleep has lately inspired .Macbeth enters, and Banquo is surprised to see him still up. Banquo says that the king is asleep and mentions that he had a dream about the three weird sisters. When Banquo suggests that the witches have revealed “some truth” to Macbeth, Macbeth claims that he has not thought of them at all since their encounter in the woods .He and Banquo agree to discuss the witches’ prophecies at a later time.
Banquo and Fleance leave, and suddenly, in the darkened hall, Macbeth has a vision of a dagger floating in the air before him, its handle pointing toward his hand and its tip aiming him toward Duncan. Macbeth tries to grasp the weapon and fails. He wonders whether what he sees is real or a “dagger of the mind, a false creation Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain. Continuing to gaze upon the dagger, he thinks he sees blood on the blade, then abruptly decides that the vision is just a manifestation of his unease over killing Duncan. The night around him seems thick with horror and witchcraft, but Macbeth stiffens and resolves to do his bloody work. A bell tolls Lady Macbeth’s signal that the chamberlains are asleep—and Macbeth strides toward Duncan’s chamber.


Act II, scene II

While Macbeth departs from the hall, Lady Macbeth enters, remarking on her boldness. She imagines that Macbeth is killing the king even as she speaks. Hearing Macbeth cry out, she worries that the chamberlains have awakened. She says that she cannot understand how Macbeth could fail,she had prepared the daggers for the chamberlains herself. She asserts that she would have killed the king herself then and there, had he not resembled her father as he slept. Macbeth emerges; his hands covered in blood, and say that the deed is done. Badly shaken, he remarks that he heard the chamberlains awake and say their prayers before going back to sleep. When they said “amen,” he tried to say it with them but found that the word stuck in his throat. He adds that as he killed the king, he thought he heard a voice cry out, Macbeth does murder sleep.
Lady Macbeth at first tries to steady her husband, but she becomes angry when she notices that he has forgotten to leave the daggers with the sleeping chamberlains so as to frame them for Duncan’s murder. He refuses to go back into the room, so she takes the daggers into the room herself, saying that she would be ashamed to be as cowardly as Macbeth. As she leaves, Macbeth hears a mysterious knocking. The portentous sound frightens him, and he asks desperately, “Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand, As Lady Macbeth reenters the hall, the knocking comes again, and then a third time. She leads her husband back to the bedchamber, where he can wash off the blood. “A little water clears us of this deed,” she tells him. “How easy it is then!”

ACT II, scene III

A porter stumbles through the hallway to answer the knocking, grumbling laughably about the noise and mocking whoever is on the other side of the door. He compares himself to a porter at the gates of hell and asks, if whos here and he name of that person was Beelzebub. Macduff and Lennox enter, and Macduff complains about the porter’s slow response to his knock. The porter says that he was up late carousing and rambles on humorously about the effects of alcohol, which he says provokes red noses, sleepiness, and urination..
He offers to take Macduff to the king. As Macduff enters the king’s chamber, Lennox describes the storms that raged the previous night, asserting that he cannot remember anything like it in all his years. Macduff comes running from the room, shouting that the king has been murdered .Macbeth and Lennox rush in to look, while Lady Macbeth appears and expresses her horror that such a deed could be done under her roof. General chaos ensues as the other nobles and their servants come streaming in.
Macduff seems suspicious of these new deaths, which Macbeth explains by saying that his fury at Duncan’s death was so powerful that he could not restrain himself. Lady Macbeth suddenly faints, and both Macduff and Banquo call for someone to attend to her. Malcolm and Donalbain whisper to each other that they are not safe, since whoever killed their father will probably try to kill them next. Lady Macbeth is taken away, while Banquo and Macbeth rally the lords to meet and discuss the murder. Duncan’s sons resolve to flee the court. Malcolm declares that he will go south to England, and Donalbain will hasten to Ireland.


Act II, scene IV

In thane Ross walks outside the castle with an old man. They discuss the strange and ominous happenings of the past few days: it is daytime, but dark outside; last Tuesday, an owl killed a falcon; and Duncan’s beautiful, well-trained horses behaved wildly and ate one another. Macduff emerges from the castle and tells Ross that Macbeth has been made king by the other lords, and that he now rides to Scone to be crowned. Macduff adds that the chamberlains seem the most likely murderers, and that they may have been paid off by someone to kill Duncan. Suspicion has now fallen on the two princes, Malcolm and Donalbain, because they have fled the scene. Macduff returns to his home at Fife, and Ross departs for Scone to see the new king’s coronation.
Act III, scene I
In the Foress palace, Banquo paces and thinks about the coronation of Macbeth and the prophecies of the weird sisters. The witches foretold that Macbeth would be king and that Banquo’s line would eventually sit on the throne. If the first prophecy came true, Banquo thinks, feeling the emotive of ambition, why not the second? Macbeth enters, attired as king. He is followed by Lady Macbeth, now his queen, and the court. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth ask Banquo to attend the feast they will host that night. Banquo accepts their invitation and says that he plans to go for a ride on his horse for the afternoon. Macbeth mentions that they should discuss the problem of Malcolm and Donalbain. The brothers have fled from Scotland and may be plotting against his crown.
Banquo departs, and Macbeth dismisses his court. He is left alone in the hall with a single servant, to whom he speaks about some men who have come to see him. He muses on the subject of Banquo, reflecting that his old friend is the only man in Scotland whom he fears. The servant reenters with Macbeth’s two visitors. Macbeth reminds the two men, who are murderers he has hired, of a conversation he had with the two men the day before, in which he chronicled the wrongs Banquo had done them in the past. He asks if they are angry and manly enough to take revenge on Banquo.
. Macbeth reminds the murderers that Fleance must be killed along with his father and tells them to wait within the castle for his command.

Act III, scene II

In the castle, Lady Macbeth expresses despair and sends a servant to fetch her husband. Macbeth enters and tells his wife that he too is discontented, saying that his mind is “full of -scorpions” He feels that the business that they began by killing Duncan is not yet complete because there are still threats to the throne that must be eliminated. Macbeth tells his wife that he has planned “a deed of dreadful note” for Banquo and Fleance and urges her to be jovial and kind to Banquo during the evening’s feast, in order to lure their next victim into a false sense of security
Act III, scene III

The two murderers now joined by a third, linger in a wooded park outside the palace. Banquo and Fleance approach on their horses and dismount. They light a torch, and the murderers set upon them. The murderers kill Banquo, who dies urging his son to flee and to avenge his death. One of the murderers extinguishes the torch, and in the darkness Fleance escapes. The murderers leave with Banquo’s body to find Macbeth and tell him what has happened.




Act III, scene IV

It was feast in the castle of macbeth. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth enter as king and queen, followed by their court, which they bid welcome. As Macbeth walks among the company, the first murderer appears at the doorway. Macbeth speaks to him for a moment, learning that Banquo is dead and that Fleance has escaped. The news of Fleance’s escape angers Macbeth,if only Fleance had died, he muses; his throne would have been secure.
Macbeth mutters that “blood will have blood” and tells Lady Macbeth that he has heard from a servant-spy that Macduff intends to keep away from court, behavior that verges on treason He says that he will visit the witches again tomorrow in the hopes of learning more about the future and about who may be plotting against him. He resolves to do whatever is necessary to keep his throne.

Act III, scene V

The witches meet with Hecate upon the storm heath, the goddess of witchcraft. Hecate scolds them for meddling in the business of Macbeth without consulting her but declares that she will take over as supervisor of the mischief. She says that when Macbeth comes the next day, as they know he will, they must summon visions and spirits whose messages will fill him with a false sense of security and “draw him on to his confusion” Hecate disappear, and the witches go to prepare their charms.


Act III, scene VI

In Scotland, during that darkness Lennox walks with another lord, discussing what has happened to the kingdom. Banquo’s murder has been officially blamed on Fleance, who has fled. Nevertheless, both men suspect Macbeth, whom they call a “tyrant,” in the murders of Duncan and Banquo. The lord tells Lennox that Macduff has gone to England, where he will join Malcolm in pleading with England’s King Edward for aid. News of these plots has prompted Macbeth to prepare for war. Lennox and the lord express their hope that Malcolm and Macduff will be successful and that their actions can save Scotland from Macbeth
Act IV, scene I
The 3v witches appear on stage in a dark cavern and hey start hier hisses and spits. They circle the cauldron, chanting spells and adding bizarre ingredients to their stew. Hecate materializes and compliments the witches on their work. Macbethj ask favor to he witches to show his prediciton. To answer his questions, they summon horrible apparitions, each of which offers a prediction to allay Macbeth’s fears. First, a floating head warns him to beware Macduff; Macbeth says that he has already guessed as much. Then a bloody child appears and tells him that “none of woman born / shall harm Macbeth. Next, a crowned child holding a tree tells him that he is safe until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane Hill. Finally, a procession of eight crowned kings walks by, the last carrying a mirror.
Banquo’s ghost walks at the end of the line. Macbeth demands to know the meaning of this final vision, but the witches perform a mad dance and then vanish. Lennox enters and tells Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England. Macbeth resolves to send murderers to capture Macduff’s castle and to kill Macduff’s wife and children.

Summary: Act IV, scene ii

At Macduff’s castle, Lady Macduff accosts Ross, demanding to know why her husband has fled. She feels betrayed. Ross insists that she trust her husband’s judgment and then regretfully departs. Once he is gone, Lady Macduff tells her son that his father is dead, but the little boy perceptively argues that he is not. Suddenly, a messenger hurries in, warning Lady Macduff that she is in danger and urging her to flee. Lady Macduff protests, arguing that she has done no wrong. A group of murderers then enters. When one of them denounces Macduff, Macduff’s son calls the murderer a liar, and the murderer stabs him. Lady Macduff turns and runs, and the pack of killers chases after her.


Act IV, scene VIII

Outside King Edward’s palace, Malcolm speaks with Macduff, telling him that he does not trust him since he has left his family in Scotland and may be secretly working for Macbeth. To determine whether Macduff is trustworthy, Malcolm rambles on about his own vices. He admits that he wonders whether he is fit to be king, since he claims to be lustful, greedy, and violent. At first, Macduff politely disagrees with his future king, but eventually Macduff cannot keep himself from crying out, “O Scotland, Scotland!” (IV.iii.101). Macduff’s loyalty to Scotland leads him to agree that Malcolm is not fit to govern Scotland and perhaps not even to live. In giving voice to his disparagement, Macduff has passed Malcolm’s test of loyalty. Malcolm then retracts the lies he has put forth about his supposed shortcomings and embraces Macduff as an ally. A doctor appears briefly and mentions that a “crew of wretched souls” waits for King Edward so they may be cured (IV.iii.142). When the doctor leaves, Malcolm explains to Macduff that King Edward has a miraculous power to cure disease.
Ross enters. THe breaking down, Ross confesses to Macduff that Macbeth has murdered his wife and children. Macduff is crushed with grief. Malcolm urges him to turn his grief to anger, and Macduff assures him that he will inflict revenge upon Macbeth

At night, in the king’s palace at Dunsinane, a doctor and a gentlewoman discuss Lady Macbeth’s strange habit of sleepwalking. Suddenly, Lady Macbeth enters in a trance with a candle in her hand. Bemoaning the murders of Lady Macduff and Banquo, she seems to see blood on her hands and claims that nothing will ever wash it off. She leaves, and the doctor and gentlewoman marvel at her descent into madness.

Summary: Act V, scene ii

The group of Scottish lords discusses he military sinuation.
Outside the castle, a group of Scottish lords discusses the military situation: the English army approaches, led by Malcolm, and the Scottish army will meet them near Birnam Wood, apparently to join forces with them. The “tyrant,” as Lennox and the other lords call Macbeth, has fortified Dunsinane Castle and is making his military preparations in a mad rag.

Act V, scene III

Macbeth strides into the hall of Dunsinane with the doctor and his attendants, boasting proudly that he has nothing to fear from the English army or from Malcolm, since “none of woman born” can harm him and since he will rule securely “[t]ill Birnam Wood remove to Dunsinane”. He calls his servant Seyton, who confirms that an army of ten thousand Englishmen approaches the castle. Macbeth insists upon wearing his armor, though the battle is still some time off. The doctor tells the king that Lady Macbeth is kept from rest by “thick-coming fancies,” and Macbeth orders him to cure her of her delusions.

Act V, scene IV

In the country near Birnam Wood, Malcolm talks with the English lord Siward and his officers about Macbeth’s plan to defend the fortified castle. They decide that each soldier should cut down a bough of the forest and carry it in front of him as they march to the castle, thereby disguising their numbers.

Act V, scene VI

He order to hang the banner in his castle so that the enemy will see that bravery of his belongings . A woman’s cry is heard, and Seyton appears to tell Macbeth that the queen is dead. Shocked, Macbeth speaks numbly about the passage of time and declares famously that life is “a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, / Signifying nothingA messenger enters with astonishing news: the trees of Birnam Wood are advancing toward Dunsinane. Enraged and terrified, Macbeth recalls the prophecy that said he could not die till Birnam Wood moved to Dunsinane. Resignedly, he declares that he is tired of the sun and that at least he will die fighting.

Act V, scene VI

Outside the castle, the battle commences. Malcolm orders the English soldiers to throw down their boughs and draw their swords.

Act V, scene VII

He killed Lord Siwards son because no one born by woman blood can defeat him, he confident for the charm h have.

Act V, scene VIII

Macduff emerges and searches the chaos frantically for Macbeth, whom he longs to cut down personally. He dives again into the battle.

Act V, scene IX

Malcolm and Siward emerge and enter the castle.

Act V, scene X

While they are fighting Macbeth insist to Macduff that no one born by women blood can defeat him, he was wrong because Mac duff was born untimely ripped, and Macbeth felt fear in his heart but he tell Macduff that he will continue o the end of his life.

Act V, scene XI

Malcolm and Siward walk together in the castle, which they have now effectively captured. Ross tells Siward that his son is dead. Macduff emerges with Macbeth’s head in his hand and proclaims Malcolm king of Scotland. Malcolm declares that all his thanes will be made earls, according to the English system of peerage. They will be the first such lords in Scottish history. Cursing Macbeth and his “fiend-like” queen, Malcolm calls all those around him his friends and invites them all to see him crowned at Scone .


IV. Settings

Macbeth was most likely written in 1606, early in the reign of James I, who had been James VI of Scotland before he succeeded to the English throne in 1603. James was a patron of Shakespeare’s acting company, and of all the plays Shakespeare wrote under James’s reign, Macbeth most clearly reflects the playwright’s close relationship with the sovereign. In focusing on Macbeth, a figure from Scottish history, Shakespeare paid homage to his king’s Scottish lineage. Additionally, the witches’ prophecy that Banquo will found a line of kings is a clear nod to James’s family’s claim to have descended from the historical Banquo. In a larger sense, the theme of bad versus good kingship, embodied by Macbeth and Duncan, respectively, would have resonated at the royal court, where James was busy developing his English version of the theory of divine right.

The main settings in the story are in Various locations in Scotland and England. The story start at military camp near the palace of Foress, it is happen first part of he story where King Duncan ask he wounded captain if what happened to he battle of scots and irish invaders. Another place of setting is the palace of Duncan where he hears reports about the execution from his son malcom. At Dunsinane doctor and a gentlewoman discuss Lady Macbeth’s strange habit of sleepwalking, where also the battle between macduff and Macbeh happened. Another settings in the country near Birnam Wood where Malcolm talks with the English lord Siward and his officers about Macbeth’s plan to defend the fortified castle

V. Structure

Macbeth was the principal character in the story, he wish to accomplish his goal to be a king, and he will follow he prediction of witches, for me this motive is called he exciting force of he tragedy because of what he did the tragedy stars.
conflicts - The struggle within Macbeth between his ambition and his sense of right and wrong; the struggle between the murderous evil represented by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth and the best interests of the nation, represented by Malcolm and Macduff
rising action - Macbeth and Banquo’s encounter with the witches initiates both conflicts; Lady Macbeth’s speeches goad Macbeth into murdering Duncan and seizing the crown.
climax - When Macbeth’s murder of Duncan in Act II represents the point of no return, after which Macbeth is forced to continue butchering his subjects to avoid the consequences of his crime.
falling action - When Macbeth’s increasingly brutal murders (of Duncan’s servants, Banquo, Lady Macduff and her son); Macbeth’s second meeting with the witches; Macbeth’s final confrontation with Macduff and the opposing armies


VI. Character

Main Characters:

· Macbeth – he is Ambitious in Act III scene I ,he asked for prediction from witches because of his ambitions to be the king leads him to dead. He killed those people who are the hindrance in his life and will give him problem to reach his goal. He superstitious he believe that he will not defeated because of prediction of witches , he is cruel and treacherous, Imaginative and Poetic he poetic and imaginative can be found in act 1 and 5, according to his soliloquy he became imaginative and poetic. And devoted to his wife Lady Macbeth, he is devoted to his wife because he loves his wife so much; when Macbeth got sick he is very concerned to her.

Macbeth was the central character in the story, the story was focus on him and it’s obviously that his name was entitled in the story. He is loyal to his people and he knew how to be with them. He made his best for his people and for his kingdom he character associate with him being brave king.
He has courage to fight until the end. Another group of character that has a big contribution in the story are the witches. Because without them the story will not made, the witches where the prediction happened in Macbeth life which leads him to encourage him not to afraid he enemy. By the prediction of witches Macbeth became strong and more confidents to his self. Another character is Lady Macbeth which accompanied by Macbeth to made a plan and kill Banquo, and there are some character mentioned where they help the main character to overcome his problems.
The characters distinguished in the story well even those who are not major characters; they had given the name and role in the story. All character mentioned in he story has a great contribution without character in he story It useless.
For me I can be real in life he characters, maybe during time, I won’t say that I believe them as a real people but there is a possibility that during their time there are people like them.
The story is not true because it is not based on real story, all events and a happening in the story was made through the imagination of an author.
In the story here are character that we can call humorous, one of them is Macbeth the main character in the story. He is Humorous because he became he main highlights in the story. For what he did he killed the king and slaying people he is became humorous. this happened because of prediction of witches to him .

· Lady Macbeth – she is basically kind and gentle for being loyal to his husband and ready to help him. She is also devoted to her husband Macbeth she is always with in Macbeth side, she help Macbeth for his plan to kill banquo and she always ready to die for her husband. Lady Macbeth manipulates her husband with remarkable effectiveness, overriding all his objections; when he hesitates to murder, she repeatedly questions his manhood until he feels that he must commit murder to prove himself


· Duncan-he is benevolent and grateful because is the model of a virtuous, benevolent, and farsighted ruler, His death symbolizes the destruction of an order in Scotland that can be restored only when Duncan’s line, in the person of Malcolm, once more occupies the throne. Easily deceive and thoughtful to his children because he is always love his children and time will come he will not see his children again still he continue to overcome the problems.. His being benevolent can be found in Act 1 and act 2.
· Macduff - A Scottish nobleman hostile to Macbeth’s kingship from the start. He eventually becomes a leader of the crusade to unseat Macbeth. The crusade’s mission is to place the rightful king, Malcolm, on the throne, but Macduff also desires vengeance for Macbeth’s murder of Macduff’s wife and young son.
· Malcolm - The son of Duncan, whose restoration to the throne signals Scotland’s return to order following Macbeth’s reign of terror. Malcolm becomes a serious challenge to Macbeth with Macduff’s aid (and the support of England). Prior to this, he appears weak and uncertain of his own power, as when he and Donalbain flee Scotland after their father’s murder.

VI. Style

In the story Macbeth the language used is clearly stated by narrator, some of words are no really difficult to understand because every word has its own meaning written below the original copy of Macbeth story, we the reader can easily understand the story we read because it written into dialogue style and words are no difficult o understand.
By reading this story we need time o finish the entire story according to get and understand the beauty of this story. I can say that there are some words which are no longer used now, but still the thoughts are easily and completely understood.
There are some words that are no familiar to us today or cannot be found at any modern novel or short story. Examples of these words are:
Glames, cawdor, thane, owed, interim, beguile, hermits, Martlet, husbandry,undeviulged pretense and Minions. This are the id never encounter today. i This words has its own meaning and I guess this words are old English and It use by Shakespeare for his work showing that he his woks was made original by him.



VI. Memory Passage

Favorite Soliloquy
“Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
To the last syllable of recorded time and all our yesterday have lighted fools
The way to dusty death, out, out, brief candle life’s but a walking shadow; poor player
That struts and frets; his hour upon the stage and hen is heard no more. It is a tale told
By and idiot, full of sound and fury signifying noting “

This soliloquy told by Macbeth in act V scene 5, for me his soliloquy is the best because of the meaning in every words and lines. It has a moral value to each everyone.
This soliloquy is about the meaning of life, how life will last and long in this world.
Macbeth told this soliloquy when Lady Macbeth kill her self by committed suicide. Macbeth describe life is like candle which lighted and melt and is compared to life because life won’t stay longer in this world.
While we lighted by our freedom and happiness here will be sadness at he other side of it. Life also compare to a walking shadow because life is no infinite it has limitation and end. Life is like a shadow, we can see he shadow through the lights reflect on it. Our life depends on our freedom and our victory against problems and challenges in life
Light is our fortune our courage and freedom and the shadow represent to death. Our life also compare o a poor player according to Macbeth, a poor player who play his role ones on a stage. Our life is only one and I will not comeback when I lost.

VII. Critical Opinion

Shakespeare is very talented poets; he made the story of Macbeth with his own knowledge and skill. Macbeth is very interesting tragedy story. It is sort of entertainment and it help us to realize and understand he past incident. We can understand how he people defend their belongings against their enemies and how king protect his people with in his territory. How they fought kingdom to kingdom. And we learned how people slay their enemies.
This story also dealing us some moral lessons which help in our life and important values which help us to improve our self. Shakespeare became well known because of his works. One of his works who made him popular is Macbeth. This story published in any books also posed at any internet site so hat we may bale to read his works.
The story Macbeth is very real to its essence it shows the real tragedy with in he story. There is no other high lighted genre for this story except the tragedy. This story is not Shakespeare most complex play but it is certainly one of his most powerful and emotionally intense.
It is also dealing us how brave the people during time of Macbeth and how they became a hero to protect their properties. And also the story highlighted the brave Scottish general (Macbeth). In general Macbeth story giving us more information on how they live and died as a warrior and as a king during their time.
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